What is Borderline Personality Disorder
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a serious psychological and psychosocial disorder where people have extreme difficulty regulating their emotions.
What Causes Borderline Personality Disorder?
The causes of BPD are not yet clear, but research suggests that genetic, brain, environmental and social factors are likely to be involved.
BPD is 5 times more likely to occur if a person has a close family member (birth parents, full—blooded siblings, or children) with the disorder.
Environmental and Social Factors
Many people with BPD report experiencing trauma, abuse, or abandonment, or being an emotionally sensitive child in an invalidating environment.
Studies show that people with BPD have differences in the structural and functional parts in the brain, especially in the areas that control impulses and emotional regulation. More research is needed to understand the relationship between the brain and BPD
How Common Is Borderline Personality Disorder?
It is estimated that 1.6% of the adult US population has BPD, but it may be as high as 5.9%, or almost 14 million Americans. Recent research suggests that men and women show a similar prevalence for the disorder (5.6% among men, 6.2% among women) . However, the expression of the disorder manifests differently in men and women.
Zlotnick and others found men presented with more substance abuse, antisocial features, and intermittent explosive disorders, while women presented more with eating disorders .
Scientists are also studying ways to identify the disorder earlier in adolescents .
The 9 Symptoms of Borderline Personality, of which you need 5 for the diagnosis :
Types of Psychotherapy used to treat BPD include:
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
DBT uses the concept of mindfulness, or being aware of and attentive to, the current situation and moods. DBT also teaches skills to manage intense emotions, reduce self- destructive behaviors, and improve relationships.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
CBT works through providing awareness of disruptive thoughts and beliefs, leading patients toward more effectively managed emotions. The ultimate goal of CBT is to introduce clients to a set of effective strategies that they can utilize when needed.
(MBT) is an evidence-based therapy in which the patient learns to identify one’s own and others’ feelings and attitudes as a way of explaining behaviors.
There is no medication that specifically treats BPD. However, your mental health professional may recommend medications to treat symptoms that may occur from other psychiatric disorders that can accompany BPD such as depression, anxiety or mood swings.
People experience differing side effects from different medications. Talk to your doctor about what to expect from a particular medication.