Common Symptoms of Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia involves a range of problems with thinking (cognition), behaviour or emotions. Signs and symptoms may vary, but usually involve delusions, hallucinations or disorganized speech, and reflect an impaired ability to function. Symptoms may include:
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Did you know?
Yes, schizophrenia is a mental health disorder that can cause symptoms such as delusions, but there’s more to it than that.
Experts aren’t totally sure what causes schizophrenia, but it’s thought to be a combination of factors such as genes and brain chemistry.
Men are more likely to develop schizophrenia than women
People with schizophrenia are not inherently violent or criminals, no matter what you’ve heard.
Schizophrenia is not the same thing as bipolar disorder or dis-associative Identity disorder.
People who have schizophrenia may be at a higher risk of other health issues, including premature death.
There’s no definitive diagnostic test for schizophrenia, so doctors will typically take a multi-pronged approach.
There’s not yet a cure for schizophrenia, but the available treatments make it possible to manage the condition.
Individuals with schizophrenia still face stigma surrounding their mental illness, and it’s on all of us not to add to it.
Types of schizophrenia
In the past, there were different subtypes of schizophrenia, including:
In 2013 the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th edition (DSM-V) changed the method of classification to bring all these categories under a single heading: schizophrenia.
Causes of Schizophrenia
Although the precise cause of schizophrenia isn't known, certain factors seem to increase the risk of developing or triggering schizophrenia, including:
Treatments for schizophrenia include: